Swollen gums causes, infection, bleeding, pain, around tooth, upper, behind, sore, and treatment

Do you know the reasons for swollen gums? Some times when you have swollen gums, it’s difficult to brush your teeth since you may experience severe pain which can contribute to gums bleeding. If it continues for longer time then you have to seek for medication since it might be gum disease.

Swollen gums causes

Causes of swollen gums include:

treatment of swollen gums

causes of swollen gums

Poor Oral Hygiene

Improper oral hygiene is the main cause behind swollen gums since if you neglect to brush your teeth correctly, tiny food particles may get clog in between the teeth spaces causing decay which later invite bacterial infection. In many cases of swollen gum infection by bacteria is found to be the causative agent.

Flossy brushing techniques

Everyone knows how to maintain proper oral hygiene especially every morning but majority of us brush our teeth forcefully or using incorrect technique. This bad brushing technique can result to inflame gums that are swollen.

Gum diseases

Common causes of gum disease such viruses and fungi could be behind the swollen gums making them to appear red and inflamed which will in turn hinder brushing of the teeth due to pain.

Hormonal imbalance

Changes in hormonal level could result to swollen and bleeding gums since they may increase blood flow in the teeth and around the gums making them tender.

When they are tender, they are susceptible to irritation and can be injured easily. This changes occurs during pregnancy, menstruation, puberty, or menopause when your body undergoes several changes.

Abscessed Tooth

When your tooth starts to decay without seeking treatment will result to tooth abscess which will later make your gums to swell and experience gum inflammation.

Poor diet

Taking foods that are usually refined with high content of sugar can result many dental problems including swollen gums. It is advisable to go for fiber rich foods that can help strengthen our teeth and bring down the risk of inflammation or receding gums.

Inadequate vitamins

Insufficient of vitamin C in the diet can also facilitate to gum bleeding and inflammation apart from having swollen gums.

Drug prescriptions

Some drugs such as Amlodipine, Diltiazem, Felodipine and Phenytoin can contribute to swollen gums around your teeth in cases when you are under this medication especially those of heart diseases.

Faulty Dental Restorations

If you undergo dental restoration, the spaces that remain may become breeding zone for bacteria which will later spread to other teeth gums especially when you don’t maintain proper oral hygiene.


Gum irritation resulting from reaction to ingredients in toothpaste, food, medications, or even metal dental restorations can cause irritation, redness, or swelling of the gum tissue.

Symptoms of swollen gums

Apart from inflammations, other symptoms include:

  • Receding Gums
  • Red Gums
  • Sore gums
  • Pyorrhea
  • Halitosis
Swollen Gums during Pregnancy

Pregnant women are prone to gum swelling. This is caused due to increased fluid retention and blood circulation in the body. The volume of blood also increases which contributes to the inflammation. Also, some pregnant women can see swollen gums during period, especially in the Second Trimester. The condition usually goes away after delivery.

Swollen gum infection

Gum infection that result to swelling is due to buildup of a plaque or substance that contain bacteria. Some of these bacteria are harmless while others are harmful to your gum health.

If you don’t brush your teeth regularly expect to experience swollen gum infections due to poor oral hygiene. This can lead to redness with bleeding, swelling and soreness.

Swollen bleeding gums

When you realize there is gum bleeding when you floss or brush could be alarming. You will have to know the reason behind these before going to but drugs over the counter. Bleeding gums causes include:

causes of bleeding gums

swollen gum bleeding


This tooth diseases occur when your teeth and gum line are plaque leading to swelling, inflammation and even bleeding during brushing. This early stage of the disease responds well to good brushing and flossing habits and regular dental checkups.

Blood thinning medication

According to American Dental Association, blood thinning medication reduces the ability of blood to clot, which can lead to easier bleeding. Let your dentist and doctor know about your experience and any medications you may be on.

New Toothbrush

If you immediately switch to a new toothbrush that has firm bristle, it can result in bleeding gums. Therefore, you should try to use the soft bristle to avoid bleeding gums.

New flossing technique

Going for new flossy routine can lead to bleeding gums. If you haven’t done flossing in a few days or if you have begun to floss more frequently to help remove food and plaque from between your teeth, then you may notice some bleeding.

Pregnancy Gingivitis

Hormonal changes during pregnancy alter the body’s response to the bacteria that cause gum disease. Although it gets off after delivery, it is advisable to undergo dental checkup and regular brushing and flossing can help to prevent gum problems from becoming worse.

Gum swelling and pain or swollen sore gums

Swollen and painful gums or sore gums are usually signs of gum diseases. However, there are numerous that could be causing your gum problems. Whatever the cause of sore red gums, painful gums, there are procedures you can take to minimize gum damage and discomfort.

Gum swollen around the tooth, upper gum, and behind the tooth.

Swollen, tender and bleeding gums around one tooth are usually a sign of early gum disease and infection that is supposed to be addressed immediately. There are other localized causes of swollen gums around tooth:

  • Canker Sores: They are small, shallow lesions, round or oval with a white or yellow center and a red border. They are usually very painful and go away in a week or two.
  • Erupting Tooth: toddlers whose permanent teeth are still erupting might experience sore gum around one tooth. Young teens whose wisdom teeth are about to erupt can also develop an infection of the gum flap that overlies the partially erupted third molar or wisdom tooth.
  • Autoimmunity/Chemotherapy: this occurs when the white cells attack healthy cells resulting to swollen gums. Many people undergoing cancer treatment get stomatitis which causes the development of painful sores and ulcers on the gums and throughout the mouth.

Pericoronitis is a fairly common dental issue that causes the gum tissue behind your molars to become infected and swollen, which can be quite painful. It begins to develop when the wisdom teeth only partially erupt through the gums.

Swollen gums treatment

How to cure swollen gums or ways to reduce swollen gums include:

Medical treatment

Depending on the resultant cause of your swollen gums, your dentist may prescribe oral rinses that help prevent gingivitis and reduce plaque. Your dentist may also recommend that you use a specific brand of toothpaste.

how to get rid of swollen gums

medical treatment of swollen gums

In extreme situation, you may need surgery. One common treatment option is scaling and root planning. These steps help the dentist to treat all diseased gums, dental plaque, and calculus, or tartar, on the roots of the teeth to allow the remaining gums to heal.

Home remedies or natural remedies

  • Warm and Cold Compresses

This can provide quick relief for sore, swollen gums as they help reduce pain and swelling. You need to hold the compressed against your cheek but not directly on the gum.

  • Salt Water

This inhibits the growth of bacteria in the mouth and prevents infections that may contribute to several oral health issues.

  • Black Tea Bags

They contain antioxidant properties promote good oral health and also, they have tannins that can help reduce inflammation of the gums.

  • Aloe Vera

The gel has anti-inflammatory as well as antibacterial properties that can prevent the growth of plaque-causing bacteria in the mouth and soothe inflamed gums.

  • Proper Nutrition

Proper balance diet is essential since it ensures you get adequate amounts of calcium, vitamin C and folic acid from your diet to prevent swollen gums. Deficiency of any of these nutrients can cause inflamed gums.


  1. What are swollen gums? https://www.healthgrades.com/symptoms/swollen-gums
  2. What causes swollen gums? http://www.healthline.com/symptom/swollen-gums
  3. What Causes A Swollen Gum Around One Tooth? http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/life-stages/adult-oral-care/article/what-causes-a-swollen-gum-around-one-tooth-1015
  4. Causes of Swollen Gums: http://www.personalcaredentistry.com/10-causes-of-swollen-gums/
  5. Swollen Gums – Causes, Symptoms, Risks, Treatment and Home Remedy: http://www.primehealthchannel.com/swollen-gums-causes-symptoms-risks-treatment-and-home-remedy.html

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